The Four Rs
The four R’’s which are Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recover cover the key approach of waste management
Reuse - Novel Reuse Center
In a novel step towards waste diversion that also involves young Omanis and academia, be’'ah and Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) have joined hands to establish a Reuse Center on the university premises. The center’s purpose is to accept and sell reusable items donated from the Omani community including the public, schools, charity organizations, and commercial institutions. It gives a second life to these items by refurbishing them and reintroducing them into the market. Irrecoverable items will be passed on to recyclers, opening up opportunities for economic growth by providing a resource flow for recyclable materials and closing the loop of circularity. The center will enable SQU promote campus sustainability and encourage active participation by staff, students, and surrounding communities in green initiatives on waste reduction and reuse. These social and economic activities, in turn, will optimise in-country value by hiring and training Omanis with special needs and from low income groups.
Reduce - Targeting Lower Waste Generation
be’ah's strategic objective is to reduce per capita waste to less than 1kg per day by 2040. This, can be achieved through its current and future initiatives to reiterate the ideologies of reduce, reuse and recycle through school curriculum and by raising environmental awareness and sensitivity. The younger generation is more receptive, perceptive and more informed about the damage to global environment. It is more than willing to use its energies towards this cause and this is why be’ah team sees a sincere and fruitful partnership with the younger generation.
Recycle - Commercialization of Waste Streams
be’'ah sees environmental and economic potential in commercializing waste streams such as Construction and Demolition Waste (C&D), End of Life Tires (ELT), Lead Acid Batteries (LAB), green waste, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and End of Life Vehicles (ELV). It is in the process of developing an integrated system for these with the objective of having a system in place for waste collection at source, its transportation
and identifying an attractive market for the private sector to invest in a processing facility.
Recover - Bright Solutions for Energy Recovery
The proposed Waste to Energy (WTE) Plant at Barka will divert 3,840 tonnes of MSW every day, producing a net 137 MW/day of electricity, which will be connected to the main grid. The project concept was promoted to major stakeholders by demonstrating its sustainability and impact on a national level - from reducing environmental emissions, saving landfill spaces, reduction of dependency on nonrenewable resources and attraction of foreign direct funds to generation of employment. Both be’ah and The Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) conducted feasibility and techno-economic studies for developing the WTE plant in Barka highlighting the concept design and key operating parameters to be considered. be'’ah and OPWP worked with the Government to obtain approval to initiate the acquisition process of the project, by reaching an agreement with concerned stakeholders to determine the tariff structure. In this project, be’ah will sign a waste supply agreement with the project company and supply the feedstock. OPWP will sign a power purchase agreement with the project company. Another WTE initiative was studied with PDO, to develop WTE at PDO’s concession area. PDO and be’ah collaborated and finalized the feasibility study which outlines multiple scenarios for utilizing power and steam recovered from incinerating approximately 960,000 tonnes of waste per annum. This project will help PDO meet its requirement for high-pressure steam to be used for the Enhance Oil Recovery (EOR) activities. Upon final decision from PDO on the preferred scenario, be’ah and PDO will enter into an agreement to commence RFQ and RFP processes for tendering out the project on BOT basis.
Waste diversion is the process of diverting reusable or recyclable waste away from landfills, so as to reduce to volume of waste and also add to the life cycle of goods and items perceived as waste to be completely disposed.
It happens that of the total waste generated, some percentage always has some usability left like old tires, paper, plastic and metal which can be re-processed or repurposed. be'’ah has re-interpreted the four Rs (Reduce, Reuse,
Recycle and Recover) for its waste management strategy as it aims to implement a long-term municipal solid waste diversion methodology and achieve a diversion rate of 80% by 2030. This strategy takes a two-pronged approach. One, it allows a remarkable quantity of waste to be sustainably and environmentally used. Two, it maximizes economic returns while reducing dependency on landfills and providing opportunities to the power generation industry.