Waste Definitions



A material which does not have sufficient value to retain


Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

Waste generated from domestic activities such as households, restaurants, and hotels that is similar in nature and composition


Industrial Waste

Waste generated in industrial processes, as well as the waste derived from mining, oil & gas, and water & electricity production activities. In most cases it is considered to be hazardous waste.


Hazardous Waste

Waste arising from commercial, industrial, agricultural or any other activities, which due to its nature, composition, quantity or any other reason is hazardous or potentially toxic to human health,  plants or animals, air, soil, water or any other components. This type of waste can cause health hazards to the public and to the working environments


Healthcare Waste

Waste generated at healthcare facilities, such as hospitals, clinics, dental practices, blood banks and veterinary premises, as well as medical research facilities and laboratories. Generally, medical waste is healthcare waste that may be contaminated by blood, body fluids or other potentially infectious materials that pose a significant risk of transmitting infection.


Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)

Expired Electrical and Electronic Equipment Waste (WEEE) includes all components, subassemblies and consumables which are part of the product at the time of discarding.


Animal Waste

Refers to livestock manure, unconsumed feed associated bedding materials, solid, semisolid and liquid slaughterhouse residues, and also any animal that has died of a natural cause, disease or by accident in a public area or on a farm.


Bulky Waste

Solid waste that may require particular handling and management, by reason of its bulk, shape, or weight that cannot be placed in a container or bundled. This waste includes, but is not limited to furniture, mattresses and appliances such as refrigerators


Commercial and Business Waste

Solid (non-hazardous) waste from premises that are used either wholly or predominantly for trade, business, sport, tourism, travelling, recreation or entertainment


Construction and Demolition Waste (C&D)

Solid waste resulting from the alteration, construction, destruction, rehabilitation, or repair of any manmade physical structure including houses, buildings, industrial or commercial facilities, bridges, roads etc.


End of Life Tires (ELT)

Used tires that cannot or are not reused for their originally intended purpose and are not retreated, such tires may be further used as a raw material for other processes.


End of Life Vehicles (ELV)

Motor vehicles which have reached the end of their useful lives and are considered to be significant waste stream that can be managed properly. ELV parts and components can be recycled or processed to obtain valuable materials for various industrial applications.   


Lead Acid Batteries (LAB)

Type of batteries that use plates made of pure lead or lead oxide for electrodes and sulfuric acid for the electrolyte to produce electrical current.


Green Waste

Solid biodegradable waste which comprises of wood and excess plant material derived from the maintenance or trimming of trees, grass, landscaped areas or areas  of agricultural production, consisting of  organic components such as branches, leaves and crop residue.


Engineered Landfills

An engineered pit, in which layers of solid waste are placed, compacted and covered for final disposal. It is designed specifically to lessen environmental pollution and health risks. The bottom of the pit is lined with hard-packed clay soil and/or plastic to prevent chemicals and germs from contaminating groundwater and seepage of waste. It is also covered to prevent insects from breeding. These engineered landfills consist of a collection and treatment system, groundwater monitoring and gas extraction equipment among other features.


Transfer Stations

Transfer stations serve as hubs across the country where waste is collected and sorted prior its final disposal. These centers serve as staging areas where waste can be collected and accumulated, before being collected by bigger trucks for transport to landfills. Transfer Stations have facilities for waste segregation, sorting and temporary storage areas for green waste, bulky waste and other types of waste. Transfer Stations are equipped with weigh bridges, prime movers and hook lifts to ensure speedy and state-of-the-art waste management operations. 




The process in which a dumpsite is upgraded and converted into an engineered landfill or closed after the installment of proper leachate and gas collection systems


Sector Takeover

Sector Takeover refers to the transfer of ownership and control of government waste assets, services and operations to be'ah according to Article 3 of the Royal Decree no. 46/2009. This transfer takes the form of issuing and sale of assets to be'ah.